< MDCCCLXXXIII = 1883 >
Events in 1883
|6 January:|| ||Khalil Gibran, Lebanese American poet and painter, is born in Bsharri.|
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|23 January:|| ||Gustave Doré, French illustrator, dies in Paris at age 51.|
|8 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Horse makes way for the Year of the Ram.|
|13 February:|| ||Richard Wagner, German composer, theatre director and essayist, aged 69, dies of a heart attack at Ca' Vendramin Calergi, a 16th century palazzo on the Grand Canal in Venice.|
|14 March:|| ||Karl Marx, German political theorist, dies in London at age 64.|
|25 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|23 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|8 May:|| ||José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher, is born in Madrid.|
|13 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|20 May:|| ||The captain of the German warship “Elizabeth” reports seeing a ash cloud rising 11 km above the uninhabited island of Krakatau, thus documenting the first volcanic activity on the Indonesian island in two centures, a three months notice of the apocalyptic explosion in August.|
|5 June:|| ||John Maynard Keynes, British economist, is born in Cambridge.|
|5 June:|| ||The first train of the Orient Express service or “Express d’ Orient” leaves Paris Gare de l‘ Est for Vienna.|
|24 June:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1300 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|3 July:|| ||Franz Kafka, German-speaking Jewish author, is born in Prague.|
|24 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|29 July:|| ||Benito Mussolini, Italian politician at the foundation of Fascism, is born in Predappio.|
|27 Augustus:|| ||A major eruption of the Krakatau volcano in the Dutch East Indies kills up to 40000 people and produces the loudest bang on record, heard in a 4800 km wide circle from Australia to India.|
|30 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|11 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|6 December:|| ||At 555 feet (169 meters) above ground the capstone is placed on Washington Monument, making it the tallest man-made structure ever built.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1883
George Biddell Airy, Victor Hugo, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Franz Liszt, Giuseppe Verdi, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, James Joule, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein, Alfred Wegener, Pablo Picasso, Stefan Zweig, James Joyce, Willem Elsschot, Igor Stravinsky, Nescio and Franklin D. Roosevelt celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1883 was a common year starting on a Monday, just like 1787, 1798, 1810, 1821, 1827, 1838, 1849, 1855, 1866 and 1877 in the century before it and 1894, 1900, 1906, 1917, 1923, 1934, 1945, 1951, 1962, 1973 and 1979 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1883 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 22 September 2017.