< MDCCCLXXXI = 1881 >
Events in 1881
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|30 January:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dragon makes way for the Year of the Snake.|
|5 February:|| ||Thomas Carlyle, Scottish writer and teacher, dies in London at age 85.|
|9 February:|| ||Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Russian author, dies in Saint Petersburg at age 59.|
|23 March:|| ||The First Boer War ends with a truce after three months of fighting took more than four thousand lives.|
|28 March:|| ||Modest Mussorgsky, Russian composer, dies in Saint Petersburg at age 42.|
|15 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|17 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|5 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|1 July:|| ||French Egyptologist Gaston Maspero unwraps the mummy of Thutmosis II found earlier this year in a tomb near Luxor.|
|2 July:|| ||Recently elected American president Garfield is shot twice in the back by disgruntled campaigner Charles Guiteau, dying 80 days later of his infected wounds.|
|7 July:|| ||The first episode of “Le avventure di Pinocchio”, written by Italian author Carlo Collodi in Florence, is published.|
|16 July:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1298 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|15 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|19 September:|| ||James Garfield, American president, dies in Long Branch, New Jersey, at age 49 after being shot by disgruntled campaigner Charles Guiteau 80 days earlier, when he was 120 days in office.|
|3 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|22 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|25 October:|| ||Pablo Picasso, Spanish artist, is born in Málaga.|
|28 November:|| ||Stefan Zweig, Austrian novelist, is born in Vienna.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1881
George Biddell Airy, Victor Hugo, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Giuseppe Verdi, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse, Joseph Stalin, Wallace Stevens, Leon Trotsky, Otto Hahn, Albert Einstein and Alfred Wegener celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1881 was a common year starting on a Saturday, just like 1785, 1791, 1803, 1814, 1825, 1831, 1842, 1853, 1859 and 1870 in the century before it and 1887, 1898, 1910, 1921, 1927, 1938, 1949, 1955, 1966 and 1977 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1881 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 21 May 2018.