< MDCCCLXXIX = 1879 >
Events in 1879
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|22 January:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Tiger makes way for the Year of the Rabbit.|
|3 February:|| ||Mosley Street in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in the United Kingdom is made the first street to be electrically lit by street lamps.|
|8 March:|| ||Otto Hahn, German chemist, winner of the 1944 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, is born in Frankfurt.|
|14 March:|| ||Albert Einstein, German-Swiss-American theoretical physicist, is born in Ulm.|
|7 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|13 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|29 April:|| ||The road around Public Square in Cleveland, Ohio, becomes the first street in the United States to be lit by electric street lamps after their world premiere in the United Kingdom in February.|
|1 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|7 Augustus:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1296 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|6 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|25 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|2 October:|| ||Wallace Stevens, American poet, is born in Reading, Pennsylvania.|
|5 November:|| ||James Maxwell, Scottish physicist, dies in Cambridge at age 48.|
|7 November:|| ||Leon Trotsky, leader of the Russian October revolution, second only to Lenin, is born in Kherson.|
|13 November:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1879
James Garfield, Thomas Carlyle, George Biddell Airy, Victor Hugo, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Giuseppe Verdi, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi, Winston Churchill, Rainer Maria Rilke, Thomas Mann, Maurice Ravel, Albert Camus, Carl Jung, Jan Prins, Ibn Saud, Hermann Hesse and Joseph Stalin celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1879 was a common year starting on a Wednesday, just like 1783, 1794, 1800, 1806, 1817, 1823, 1834, 1845, 1851, 1862 and 1873 in the century before it and 1890, 1902, 1913, 1919, 1930, 1941, 1947, 1958, 1969 and 1975 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1879 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 April 2017.