< MDCCCLXXV = 1875 >
Events in 1875
|6 January:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|6 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dog makes way for the Year of the Pig.|
|7 March:|| ||Maurice Ravel, French composer, is born in Ciboure to a Basque mother and a Swiss father.|
|28 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|21 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|16 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|20 May:|| ||The Convention du Mètre or Treaty of the Metre is signed by delegates of 17 countries in Paris, establishing the International Bureau of Weights and Measures to oversee the maintenance of the metric system of units.|
|2 June:|| ||Following a proposal by Bismarck to give Berlin an impressive street, a Kabinettsorder sets the width of the Kurfürstendamm at 53 meter.|
|6 June:|| ||Thomas Mann, German author, is born in Lübeck.|
|26 July:|| ||Carl Jung, Swiss psychiatrist, is born in Kesswil.|
|4 Augustus:|| ||Hans Christian Andersen, Danish fairy tale writer, dies in Copenhagen at age 65.|
|19 September:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1292 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|9 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|19 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|7 November:|| ||Albert Camus, French Algerian author and philosopher, is born in Dréan, El Taref, French Algeria.|
|4 December:|| ||Rainer Maria Rilke, German poet, is born in Prague.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|26 December:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
People in 1875
James Garfield, Thomas Carlyle, George Biddell Airy, Victor Hugo, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Giuseppe Verdi, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius, Vladimir Lenin, Marcel Proust, Orville Wright, Ernest Rutherford, Louis Blériot, Bertrand Russell, Arnold Schoenberg, Gustav Holst, Guglielmo Marconi and Winston Churchill celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1875 was a common year starting on a Friday, just like 1779, 1790, 1802, 1813, 1819, 1830, 1841, 1847, 1858 and 1869 in the century before it and 1886, 1897, 1909, 1915, 1926, 1937, 1943, 1954, 1965 and 1971 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1875 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 20 July 2017.