< MDCCCLXXI = 1871 >
Events in 1871
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|18 January:|| ||Following the French capitulation in the Franco-Prussian War, princes of the German states gather in the Hall of Mirrors in Versailles to proclaim Wilhelm of Prussia as emperor of the German Empire, creating Germany as a politically and administratively integrated nation state.|
|28 January:|| ||Paris surrenders after being besieged in the Franco-Prussian War for four months.|
|19 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Horse makes way for the Year of the Ram.|
|19 February:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|3 March:|| ||Michael Thonet, German cabinetmaker turned mass producer of bentwood furniture, dies in Vienna at age 74.|
|29 March:|| ||The Royal Albert Hall is opened in London by queen Victoria.|
|5 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|9 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|28 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|10 July:|| ||Marcel Proust, French author, is born in Auteuil in the south of Paris.|
|19 Augustus:|| ||Orville Wright, American aviation pioneer, is born in Dayton, Ohio.|
|30 Augustus:|| ||Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand-British physicist, father of nuclear physics, is born in Brightwater.|
|25 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|18 October:|| ||Charles Babbage, British mathematician and inventor, “father of the computer”, dies in London at age 73.|
|27 October:|| ||“Doctor Livingstone, I presume?” sais British explorer Henry Morton Stanley in Ujiji near Lake Tanganyika in present-day Tanzania, and “Yes, that is my name” sais the other.|
|2 November:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1288 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|2 December:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1871
James Garfield, Samuel Morse, Thomas Carlyle, George Biddell Airy, Victor Hugo, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II, Mahatma Gandhi, Charivarius and Vladimir Lenin celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1871 was a common year starting on a Sunday, just like 1775, 1786, 1797, 1809, 1815, 1826, 1837, 1843, 1854 and 1865 in the century before it and 1882, 1893, 1899, 1905, 1911, 1922, 1933, 1939, 1950, 1961 and 1967 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1871 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 29 June 2017.