< MDCCCLXX = 1870 >
Events in 1870
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|31 January:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Snake makes room for the Year of the Horse.|
|1 March:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|30 March:|| ||Following the American civil war Texas is last confederate state readmitted to Union.|
|15 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|17 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|22 April:|| ||Vladimir Lenin, creator of the Soviet Communist Party, leader of the October revolution in 1917, is born in Simbirsk.|
|27 April:|| ||German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann discovers the remains of Troy.|
|5 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|9 June:|| ||Charles Dickens, English writer of the Victorian age, dies in Higham, Kent at age 58.|
|26 June:|| ||The Wagner opera “Die Walküre” is premiered at the National Theatre Munich.|
|19 July:|| ||Starting the Franco-Prussian War, emperor Napoleon III of the Second French Empire declares war on the Kingdom of Prussia.|
|16 September:|| ||Charivarius, Dutch author, is born in Utrecht.|
|19 September:|| ||The Siege of Paris by German troops in the Franco-Prussian War begins, inflicting more damage to the city than any other conflict before its surrender in January 1871.|
|20 September:|| ||A cannonade of three hours by the Italian army breaches the Aurelian Walls of Rome at Porta Pia, killing 49 Italian soldiers and 19 Papal Zouaves and forcing pope Pius IX to surrender, ending the process of unification known as the Risorgimento of the Italian peninsula.|
|5 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|13 November:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1287 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|5 December:|| ||Alexandre Dumas, French writer, dies at his son's home in Puys at age 68.|
|13 December:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1870
James Garfield, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Thomas Carlyle, Michael Thonet, George Biddell Airy, Victor Hugo, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky, Nicholas II and Mahatma Gandhi celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1870 was a common year starting on a Saturday, just like 1774, 1785, 1791, 1803, 1814, 1825, 1831, 1842, 1853 and 1859 in the century before it and 1881, 1887, 1898, 1910, 1921, 1927, 1938, 1949, 1955 and 1966 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1870 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 25 March 2017.