< MDCCCLXIX = 1869 >
Events in 1869
|2 January:|| ||The world's first traffic light, a rotating device lit by gas light installed December 1868 in London, explodes, injuring the policeman who is operating it.|
|3 January:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|11 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dragon makes way for the Year of the Snake.|
|26 February:|| ||Swiss physician Friedrich Miescher makes the first mention of DNA in a letter to his uncle biochemist Wilhelm His, writing: “In my experiments, precipitates formed in the solutions that could not be dissolved in water, acetic acid, highly diluted hydrochloric acid or in a salt solution, and therefore do not belong to any known type of protein.”.|
|8 March:|| ||Hector Berlioz, French composer, dies surrounded by his friends in his Paris home at age 65.|
|12 March:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|27 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|28 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|16 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|20 May:|| ||The Folies Bergère music hall opens in Paris, originally called the Folies Trévise.|
|1 June:|| ||Thomas Edison acquires the first of his thousandplus patents for an “Electrographic Vote-Recorder”.|
|15 July:|| ||French chemist Hippolye Méga-Mouriès patents margarine for use by the French navy.|
|15 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|22 September:|| ||The Wagner opera “Das Rheingold” is premiered at the National Theatre in Munich.|
|2 October:|| ||Mahatma Gandhi, Indian independence leader, is born in Porbandar.|
|4 November:|| ||Science journal Nature is first published by London Imperial College professor Norman Lockyer.|
|16 November:|| ||After ten years of construction work the Suez Canal in Egypt is officially opened.|
|23 November:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1286 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|23 December:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1869
James Garfield, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Thomas Carlyle, Michael Thonet, George Biddell Airy, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Charles Dickens, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright, Masaoka Shiki, Maxim Gorky and Nicholas II celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1869 was a common year starting on a Friday, just like 1773, 1779, 1790, 1802, 1813, 1819, 1830, 1841, 1847 and 1858 in the century before it and 1875, 1886, 1897, 1909, 1915, 1926, 1937, 1943, 1954 and 1965 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1869 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 28 March 2017.