< MDCCCLXVIII = 1868 >
Events in 1868
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|14 January:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|25 January:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rabbit makes room for the Year of the Dragon.|
|11 February:|| ||Léon Foucault, French physicist, dies in Paris, aged 48.|
|16 March:|| ||Maxim Gorky, Soviet Russian author and political activist, is born in Nizhny.|
|22 March:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|8 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|10 April:|| ||“Ein Deutsches Requiem” by Brahms premieres.|
|11 April:|| ||The Shogunate is abolished in Japan.|
|12 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|18 May:|| ||Nicholas II, emperor of Russia from 1894 until the collapse of the empire, is born in Saint Petersburg.|
|31 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|23 June:|| ||Christopher Sholes patents the typewriter.|
|9 Augustus:|| ||German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann arrives in the Troad on his odyssey to find Troy.|
|18 Augustus:|| ||During a solar eclipse in India French astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers a new element in the sun's spectral Fraunhofer lines, now known as helium.|
|3 September:|| ||In Japan, Edo is renamed Tokyo, meaning “eastern Capital”.|
|26 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|13 November:|| ||Gioachino Rossini, Italian composer, dies at his country house at Passy at age 76.|
|4 December:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1285 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|10 December:|| ||The world's first traffic lights are installed at a busy intersection outside the British Houses of Parliament in London by railway engineer J. P. Knight.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1868
James Garfield, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Thomas Carlyle, Michael Thonet, George Biddell Airy, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Hector Berlioz, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Charles Dickens, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Herman Gorter, Sun Yat-sen, Marie Curie, Wilbur Wright and Masaoka Shiki celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1868 was a leap year starting on a Wednesday, just like 1772, 1812 and 1840 in the century before it and 1896, 1908, 1936 and 1964 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1868 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 April 2017.