< MDCCCLXVI = 1866 >
Events in 1866
|6 January:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1282 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|5 February:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|15 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ox makes room for the Year of the Tiger.|
|31 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|1 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|14 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|20 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|7 June:|| ||Chief Seattle, leader of the Indian Duwamish and Suquamish tribes, dies on the Suquamish reservation at Port Madison in Washington, aged around 85.|
|18 July:|| ||The first commercially successful transatlantic telegraph cable is laid on the ocean floor by the SS “Great Eastern”.|
|20 July:|| ||Bernhard Riemann, German mathematician, dies in Selasca, today's Verbania in Italy, at age 39.|
|19 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|12 November:|| ||Sun Yat-sen, Chinese doctor and political leader, is born in Xiangshan.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|26 December:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1283 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
People in 1866
James Garfield, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Gioachino Rossini, Thomas Carlyle, Michael Thonet, George Biddell Airy, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Hector Berlioz, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Charles Dickens, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Léon Foucault, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Charles Baudelaire, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Herman Gorter celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1866 was a common year starting on a Monday, just like 1770, 1781, 1787, 1798, 1810, 1821, 1827, 1838, 1849 and 1855 in the century before it and 1877, 1883, 1894, 1900, 1906, 1917, 1923, 1934, 1945, 1951 and 1962 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1866 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 18 June 2018.