< MDCCCLXV = 1865 >
Events in 1865
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|16 January:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1281 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|27 January:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|8 February:|| ||Gregor Mendel publishes his Versuche über Pflanzen-Hybriden or Experiments on Plant Hybridization, describing his laws of inheritance.|
|15 February:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|6 April:|| ||BASF, the largest chemical company in the world, is founded by Friedrich Engelhorn in Mannheim, Germany.|
|10 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|15 April:|| ||Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States, is assassinated in Washington D.C., aged 56.|
|16 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|24 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|21 May:|| ||Christian Thomsen, Danish archaeologist who named the three ages of stone, bronze and iron, dies in Copenhagen at age 76.|
|4 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|10 June:|| ||Richard Wagner's opera “Tristan und Isolde” is first performed in the National Theatre Munich.|
|24 June:|| ||Spain recognizes the independence of El Salvador.|
|4 July:|| ||English author Lewis Carroll publishes “Alice's Adventures in Wonderland”, exactly three years after he invented the story.|
|5 July:|| ||The Salvation Army is founded by William Booth in London, England.|
|30 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|30 December:|| ||Rudyard Kipling, British writer, is born in Bombay, India.|
People in 1865
Chief Seattle, James Garfield, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Gioachino Rossini, Thomas Carlyle, Michael Thonet, George Biddell Airy, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Hector Berlioz, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Charles Dickens, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Léon Foucault, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Charles Baudelaire, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Bernhard Riemann, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière, David Hilbert, Pierre de Coubertin, Edvard Munch, William Randolph Hearst, Henry Ford, Louis Lumière, Alois Alzheimer, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Herman Gorter celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1865 was a common year starting on a Sunday, just like 1769, 1775, 1786, 1797, 1809, 1815, 1826, 1837, 1843 and 1854 in the century before it and 1871, 1882, 1893, 1899, 1905, 1911, 1922, 1933, 1939, 1950 and 1961 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1865 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 22 January 2018.