< MDCCCLXIII = 1863 >
Events in 1863
|1 January:|| ||Pierre de Coubertin, French historian and pedagogue, is born in Paris.|
|10 January:|| ||The world's first underground, the Metropolitan Railway, opens between Farringdon and Paddington stations on what is now the Circle Line in central London.|
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|8 February:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1279 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|9 February:|| ||The “International Committee for Relief to the Wounded”, forerunner of the Red Cross, is founded by Swiss businessman Henri Dunant in Geneva.|
|18 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dog makes way for the Year of the Pig.|
|10 March:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|4 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|5 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|29 April:|| ||William Randolph Hearst, American media magnate, is born in San Francisco.|
|17 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|24 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|1 July:|| ||The Netherlands is among the last European countries, with Spain and Portugal, to abolish slavery.|
|3 July:|| ||The Battle of Gettysburg, started on 1 July, results in a turning point in the American Civil War.|
|30 July:|| ||Henry Ford, American industrialist, is born in Greenfield Township, Michigan.|
|13 Augustus:|| ||Eugène Delacroix, French painter, dies in Paris at age 65.|
|23 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|19 November:|| ||American president Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address at the dedication ceremony of a military cemetery in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania during the American Civil War.|
|12 December:|| ||Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter, is born in Ådalsbruk.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1863
Chief Seattle, James Garfield, Christian Thomsen, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Gioachino Rossini, Thomas Carlyle, Michael Thonet, George Biddell Airy, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Hector Berlioz, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Abraham Lincoln, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Charles Dickens, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Léon Foucault, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Charles Baudelaire, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Bernhard Riemann, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow, Anton Chekhov, Rabindranath Tagore, Fridtjof Nansen, Rudolf Steiner, Auguste Lumière and David Hilbert celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1863 was a common year starting on a Thursday, just like 1767, 1778, 1789, 1795, 1801, 1807, 1818, 1829, 1835, 1846 and 1857 in the century before it and 1874, 1885, 1891, 1903, 1914, 1925, 1931, 1942, 1953 and 1959 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1863 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 27 April 2018.