< MDCCCLXI = 1861 >
Events in 1861
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|10 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Monkey makes way for the Year of the Rooster.|
|25 February:|| ||Rudolf Steiner, Austrian architect and esotericist, is born in Donji Kraljevec.|
|1 March:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1277 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|17 March:|| ||The Kingdom of Italy is proclaimed with Victor Emmanuel II, king of Sardinia, as the first king of Italy.|
|27 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|31 March:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|31 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|7 May:|| ||Rabindranath Tagore, Bengali author, painter and musician, is born in Calcutta.|
|19 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|7 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|14 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|10 October:|| ||Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, is born in Store Frøen, Christiania (Oslo).|
|24 October:|| ||The telegraph wire to connect the east and west coast of the United States is completed, ending the Pony Express mail service.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1861
Chief Seattle, James Garfield, Christian Thomsen, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Gioachino Rossini, Thomas Carlyle, Michael Thonet, Eugène Delacroix, George Biddell Airy, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Hector Berlioz, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Abraham Lincoln, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Charles Dickens, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Henry David Thoreau, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Léon Foucault, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Charles Baudelaire, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Bernhard Riemann, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud, Willem Kloos, Frederik van Eeden, Gustav Mahler, Paul Nipkow and Anton Chekhov celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1861 was a common year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1765, 1771, 1782, 1793, 1799, 1805, 1811, 1822, 1833, 1839 and 1850 in the century before it and 1867, 1878, 1889, 1895, 1901, 1907, 1918, 1929, 1935, 1946 and 1957 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1861 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 September 2017.