< MDCCCLX = 1860 >
Events in 1860
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|23 January:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ram makes room for the Year of the Monkey.|
|29 January:|| ||Anton Chekhov, Russian writer and physician, is born in Taganrog.|
|10 February:|| ||The 2nd Serenade in A by Johannes Brahms premieres.|
|11 March:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1276 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|25 March:|| ||James Braid, Scottish physician, pioneer of hypnotism and hypnotherapy, dies in Chorlton-on-Medlock near Manchester at age 64.|
|3 April:|| ||The first trip by the Pony Express leaves St. Joseph, Missouri, arriving in San Francisco ten days later.|
|4 April:|| ||Frederik van Eeden, Dutch author, is born in Haarlem.|
|5 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|8 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|9 April:|| ||The oldest known sound recording is made when French inventor Scott sings the folk song “Au clair de la lune” to his phonautograph.|
|10 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|1 May:|| ||Pretoria is made the capital of the South African Republic, five years after its founding by Marthinus Pretorius.|
|27 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|17 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|30 June:|| ||Seven months after the publication of Charles Darwin's “On the Origin of Species” a group of prominent British scientists and philosophers discuss its implications at the Oxford University Museum, known for the heated debate between biologist Thomas Huxley and bishop Samuel Wilberforce, a key moment in the acceptance of evolution theory as a reasonable idea.|
|7 July:|| ||Gustav Mahler, Austrian composer, is born in the Bohemian village of Kaliště in modern day Czechia.|
|22 Augustus:|| ||Paul Nipkow, German inventor of Nipkow disc fame, is born in Lauenburg in Prussia, modern day Lębork in Poland.|
|21 September:|| ||Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher, dies in Frankfurt at age 72.|
|26 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|18 October:|| ||British and French troops enter the Forbidden City in Beijing at the end of the Second Opium War.|
|24 October:|| ||The Convention of Peking ends the Second Opium War with China ceding Kowloon to the British.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1860
Chief Seattle, Christian Thomsen, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Gioachino Rossini, Thomas Carlyle, Michael Thonet, Eugène Delacroix, George Biddell Airy, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Hector Berlioz, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Abraham Lincoln, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Charles Dickens, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Henry David Thoreau, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Léon Foucault, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Charles Baudelaire, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Bernhard Riemann, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman, Oscar Wilde, Auguste Verneuil, Nikola Tesla, Emil Kraepelin, George Bernard Shaw, George Hendrik Breitner, Heinrich Hertz, Rudolf Diesel, Charles Eastman, Giacomo Puccini, Max Planck, Theodore Roosevelt, Sigmund Freud and Willem Kloos celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1860 was a leap year starting on a Sunday, just like 1764, 1792, 1804 and 1832 in the century before it and 1888, 1928 and 1956 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1860 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 19 May 2013.