< MDCCCLVI = 1856 >
Events in 1856
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|6 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rabbit makes room for the Year of the Dragon.|
|15 February:|| ||Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist, is born in Neustrelitz.|
|17 February:|| ||Heinrich Heine, German poet, dies in Paris at age 58, reportedly saying “Dieu me pardonnera. C' est son metier. God will forgive me. It 's his job.”.|
|23 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|21 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|24 April:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1272 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|11 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|24 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|10 July:|| ||Nikola Tesla, Serbian-American inventor, is born in Smiljan in modern day Croatia.|
|26 July:|| ||George Bernard Shaw, Irish playwright, is born in Dublin.|
|29 July:|| ||Robert Schumann, German composer, dies in a sanatorium in Endenich near Bonn at age 46.|
|31 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|15 Augustus:|| ||This day or week Italian season workers at a limestone quarry in Neanderthal, Germany, dig up bone fragments they believe come from a bear, but local teacher and amateur naturalist Johann Fuhlrott recognizes them as the remains of an ancient extinct type of human, the Neanderthaler.|
|9 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|3 November:|| ||Auguste Verneuil, French chemist, is born in Dunkirk.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1856
Chief Seattle, Clemens von Metternich, Francis Beaufort, Arthur Schopenhauer, Christian Thomsen, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Gioachino Rossini, Thomas Carlyle, James Braid, Michael Thonet, Eugène Delacroix, George Biddell Airy, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Hector Berlioz, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Abraham Lincoln, Charles Darwin, Franz Liszt, Charles Dickens, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Henry David Thoreau, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Léon Foucault, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Charles Baudelaire, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Bernhard Riemann, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Vincent van Gogh, Leoš Janáček, George Eastman and Oscar Wilde celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1856 was a leap year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1760, 1788 and 1828 in the century before it and 1884, 1924 and 1952 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1856 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 25 May 2013.