< MDCCCLIV = 1854 >
Events in 1854
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|29 January:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Ox makes room for the Year of the Tiger.|
|11 March:|| ||At an open gathering in the city named after him, Indian chief Seattle gives a speech concerning environmental responsibility lasting half an hour, all the time resting his hand on the head of governor Isaac Stevens, supposedly on this day.|
|12 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|16 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|16 May:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1270 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|4 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|15 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|3 July:|| ||Leoš Janáček, Czech composer, is born in Hukvaldy.|
|6 July:|| ||Georg Ohm, German physicist, French playwright and actor, dies in Munich at age 65.|
|12 July:|| ||George Eastman, American inventor, is born in Waterville, New York.|
|9 Augustus:|| ||Henry David Thoreau publishes his thought provoking “Walden”.|
|22 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|2 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|16 October:|| ||Oscar Wilde, Irish writer, is born in Dublin.|
|25 October:|| ||British cavalry and Russian forces fight the Battle of Balaclava in the Crimean War, inspiring the poem “The Charge of the Light Brigade” by Alfred, Lord Tennyson.|
|30 November:|| ||Retired French diplomat Ferdinand de Lesseps, consul to Cairo in 1833-37, receives a concession signed by Said Pasha of Egypt in Alexandria allowing him to build the Suez Canal.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1854
Chief Seattle, Clemens von Metternich, Francis Beaufort, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Arthur Schopenhauer, Christian Thomsen, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Gioachino Rossini, Thomas Carlyle, James Braid, Michael Thonet, Heinrich Heine, Eugène Delacroix, George Biddell Airy, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Hector Berlioz, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Abraham Lincoln, Charles Darwin, Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt, Charles Dickens, Søren Kierkegaard, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Henry David Thoreau, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Léon Foucault, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Charles Baudelaire, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Bernhard Riemann, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí, Jacobus van 't Hoff, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes and Vincent van Gogh celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1854 was a common year starting on a Sunday, just like 1758, 1769, 1775, 1786, 1797, 1809, 1815, 1826, 1837 and 1843 in the century before it and 1865, 1871, 1882, 1893, 1899, 1905, 1911, 1922, 1933, 1939 and 1950 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1854 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 April 2017.