< MDCCCLIII = 1853 >
Events in 1853
|13 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 12 days.|
|8 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|17 March:|| ||Christian Doppler, Austrian mathematician and physicist, dies in Venice at age 49.|
|27 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|30 March:|| ||Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter, is born in Zundert.|
|23 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|15 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|27 May:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1269 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|26 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|31 July:|| ||Polish inventor Łukasiewicz takes one of his kerosene lamps to a hospital in Lviv to illuminate an emergency surgical operation, often considered the epoch of the modern oil industry.|
|2 September:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|21 September:|| ||Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist and Nobel laureate, is born in Groningen.|
|12 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|23 November:|| ||In Lviv, Polish chemists Łukasiewicz and Zeh patent the process of extracting paraffin from crude oil.|
|2 December:|| ||In Lviv, Polish chemist Jan Zeh patents the distillation of petroleum, i.e. oil refining.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1853
Chief Seattle, Clemens von Metternich, Francis Beaufort, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Arthur Schopenhauer, Christian Thomsen, Georg Ohm, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse, Gioachino Rossini, Thomas Carlyle, James Braid, Michael Thonet, Heinrich Heine, Eugène Delacroix, George Biddell Airy, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Hector Berlioz, Hans Christian Andersen, Alfred Lord Tennyson, Abraham Lincoln, Charles Darwin, Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt, Charles Dickens, Søren Kierkegaard, Giuseppe Verdi, David Livingstone, Richard Wagner, Ludwig Schläfli, Otto von Bismarck, Giovanni Caselli, Werner von Siemens, Henry David Thoreau, Bahá-’u-’lláh, Karl Marx, James Joule, Gustave Courbet, Léon Foucault, Alexandrina Victoria, Eduard Douwes Dekker, Charles Baudelaire, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, Gustave Flaubert, Jules Antoine Lissajous, Gregor Mendel, Louis Pasteur, Bedřich Smetana, Anton Bruckner, Lord Kelvin, Bernhard Riemann, Jules Verne, Leo Tolstoy, Henrik Ibsen, Guido Gezelle, James Maxwell, Gustave Doré, Lewis Carroll, Johannes Brahms, Alfred Nobel, Dmitri Mendeleev, Elisha Gray, Camille Saint-Saëns, Piet Paaltjens, Andrew Carnegie, Samuel Clemens, Norman Lockyer, Ferdinand von Zeppelin, Ernst Mach, John D. Rockefeller, Aleksandr Stoletov, Paul Cézanne, Modest Mussorgsky, Émile Zola, Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Auguste Rodin, Claude Monet, Antonín Dvořák, Louis Le Prince, Edvard Grieg, William McKinley, Friedrich Nietzsche, Karl Benz, Rogier Verbeek, Gabriel Fauré, Wilhelm Röntgen, Alexander Graham Bell, Joseph Pulitzer, Thomas Edison, Ivan Pavlov, Santiago Ramón y Cajal, William Ramsay, Meiji the Great, Henri Becquerel, Antoni Gaudí and Jacobus van 't Hoff celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1853 was a common year starting on a Saturday, just like 1757, 1763, 1774, 1785, 1791, 1803, 1814, 1825, 1831 and 1842 in the century before it and 1859, 1870, 1881, 1887, 1898, 1910, 1921, 1927, 1938 and 1949 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1853 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 27 April 2018.