< MDCCXCV = 1795 >
Events in 1795
|3 January:|| ||Josiah Wedgwood, English potter, founder of the Wedgwood company, credited with the industrialization of the manufacture of pottery, dies in Etruria, Staffordshire at age 64.|
|12 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 11 days.|
|19 January:|| ||The Batavian Republic is proclaimed, replacing the Republic of the Seven United Provinces.|
|21 January:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Tiger makes way for the Year of the Rabbit.|
|11 March:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1209 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|4 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|5 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|7 April:|| ||France adopts the “mètre” as the basic measure of length and the “gram” as the basic measure of mass, defined as “the absolute weight of a volume of water equal to the cube of the hundredth part of the meter at the temperature of melting ice”.|
|10 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|24 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|17 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|19 June:|| ||James Braid, Scottish physician, is born at Ryelaw House in the parish of Portmoak, Kinross.|
|23 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|26 October:|| ||The French National Convention abolishes capital punishment.|
|27 October:|| ||The Treaty of San Lorenzo between Spain and the United States is signed, opening up the Mississippi River to American exploration.|
|4 December:|| ||Thomas Carlyle, Scottish writer, is born in Ecclefechan.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1795
François Laurent, Immanuel Kant, Catherine the Great, Charles Messier, George Washington, Joseph Haydn, James Watt, Rama I, Joseph-Louis Lagrange, William Herschel, Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, Thomas Jefferson, Eise Eisinga, Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, Johann Christian Fabricius, Alessandro Volta, Jacques Charles, Giuseppe Piazzi, Francisco Goya, Jacques-Louis David, Edward Jenner, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, James Madison, Jean-Pierre Blanchard, Ernst Chladni, Gilbert du Motier, William Blake, Horatio Nelson, Friedrich Schiller, Robert Burns, Luigi Cherubini, Marie Tussaud, Joseph Niépce, Robert Fulton, Francis II, Muhammad Ali, Napoleon Bonaparte, André-Jacques Garnerin, Ludwig van Beethoven, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Richard Trevithick, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Clemens von Metternich, Francis Beaufort, André-Marie Ampère, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Thomas Moore, Friedrich Fröbel, Simón Bolívar, Joseph von Fraunhofer, Louis Daguerre, Arthur Schopenhauer, Christian Thomsen, Georg Ohm, Jean-François Champollion, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse and Gioachino Rossini celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1795 was a common year starting on a Thursday, just like 1699, 1705, 1711, 1722, 1733, 1739, 1750, 1761, 1767, 1778 and 1789 in the century before it and 1801, 1807, 1818, 1829, 1835, 1846, 1857, 1863, 1874, 1885 and 1891 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1795 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 25 February 2018.