< MDCCXCIII = 1793 >
Events in 1793
|2 January:|| ||Mozart's Requiem, complete with the posthumously added movements by his pupil Süssmayr, is first performed at a benefit concert for his widow in Vienna, collecting 300 ducats.|
|12 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 11 days.|
|21 January:|| ||Louis XVI, king of France, aged 38, is found guilty of high treason by the revolutionary National Convention and executed by guillotine.|
|6 February:|| ||Carlo Goldoni, Italian playwright, dies in Paris at age 85.|
|11 February:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|23 March:|| ||The French National Convention renames the Île Bourbon in the Indian Ocean, so called after the royal house since 1649, to Réunion, possibly in commemoration of the union of revolutionaries from Marseille with those in Paris on 10 August 1792.|
|27 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|31 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|1 April:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1207 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|1 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|19 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|8 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|10 Augustus:|| ||A year after the demise of the monarchy, the Louvre opens as a museum in Paris, showcasing 537 paintings and 184 objects of art.|
|16 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|5 October:|| ||The French revolutionary government announces the Republican calendar, to come into effect per 24 November.|
|8 October:|| ||John Hancock, American revolutionary and statesman, dies in Quincy, Massachusetts at age 56.|
|16 October:|| ||Marie Antoinette, queen of France, is guillotined at the Place de la Révolution in Paris.|
|8 November:|| ||The Louvre opens to the public in Paris as a museum.|
|24 November:|| ||The French Republican calendar is adopted as the official calender of France, making it the only country to abandon the Gregorian calendar, which it adopted as one of the first in December 1582.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1793
François Laurent, Immanuel Kant, Catherine the Great, Josiah Wedgwood, Charles Messier, George Washington, Joseph Haydn, James Watt, Rama I, Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Edward Gibbon, William Herschel, Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, Thomas Jefferson, Antoine Lavoisier, Eise Eisinga, Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, Johann Christian Fabricius, Alessandro Volta, Jacques Charles, Giuseppe Piazzi, Francisco Goya, Jacques-Louis David, Edward Jenner, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, James Madison, Jean-Pierre Blanchard, Ernst Chladni, Gilbert du Motier, William Blake, Maximilien Robespierre, Horatio Nelson, Friedrich Schiller, Robert Burns, Luigi Cherubini, Marie Tussaud, Joseph Niépce, Robert Fulton, Francis II, Muhammad Ali, Napoleon Bonaparte, André-Jacques Garnerin, Ludwig van Beethoven, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Richard Trevithick, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Clemens von Metternich, Francis Beaufort, André-Marie Ampère, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Thomas Moore, Friedrich Fröbel, Simón Bolívar, Joseph von Fraunhofer, Louis Daguerre, Arthur Schopenhauer, Christian Thomsen, Georg Ohm, Jean-François Champollion, Michael Faraday, Charles Babbage, Samuel Morse and Gioachino Rossini celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1793 was a common year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1697, 1709, 1715, 1726, 1737, 1743, 1754, 1765, 1771 and 1782 in the century before it and 1799, 1805, 1811, 1822, 1833, 1839, 1850, 1861, 1867, 1878 and 1889 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1793&a=1&z=0 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 11 December 2013.