< MDCCXCI = 1791 >
Events in 1791
|12 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 11 days.|
|3 February:|| ||At this Chinese New Year the Dog makes way for the Year of the Pig.|
|30 March:|| ||The French National Assembly accepts the proposal by the French Academy of Sciences to redefine the metre, first established the previous year, as one ten-millionth of the length of the Earth's quadrant meridian through Paris.|
|18 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|23 April:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1205 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|24 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated on Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox since the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|27 April:|| ||Samuel Morse, American inventor, is born in Charlestown, Massachusetts.|
|23 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|12 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|17 July:|| ||Up to fifty people are shot when a crowd starts throwing stones at the National Guard in the Champ de Mars Massacre on one of the bloodiest days of the French Revolution.|
|30 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|6 Augustus:|| ||In Berlin the Brandenburger Tor, although still under construction, is officially opened.|
|22 September:|| ||Michael Faraday, English physicist, is born in Newington Butts.|
|8 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|5 December:|| ||Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Austrian composer, dies of a venereal infection in Vienna at age 35.|
|10 December:|| ||The Requiem by Mozart, still incomplete, is first performed in St. Michael's Church in Vienna by the Theater auf der Wieden company at a memorial service for the composer who died five days earlier.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|26 December:|| ||Charles Babbage, British mathematician and inventor, pioneer of computer engineering, is born in London.|
People in 1791
François Laurent, Carlo Goldoni, John Smeaton, Immanuel Kant, Catherine the Great, Josiah Wedgwood, Charles Messier, George Washington, Joseph Haydn, James Watt, Rama I, Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Edward Gibbon, John Hancock, William Herschel, Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, Thomas Jefferson, Antoine Lavoisier, Eise Eisinga, Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, Johann Christian Fabricius, Alessandro Volta, Jacques Charles, Giuseppe Piazzi, Francisco Goya, Jacques-Louis David, Edward Jenner, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, James Madison, Jean-Pierre Blanchard, Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, Ernst Chladni, Gilbert du Motier, William Blake, Maximilien Robespierre, Horatio Nelson, Friedrich Schiller, Robert Burns, Luigi Cherubini, Marie Tussaud, Joseph Niépce, Robert Fulton, Francis II, Muhammad Ali, Napoleon Bonaparte, André-Jacques Garnerin, Ludwig van Beethoven, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Richard Trevithick, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Clemens von Metternich, Francis Beaufort, André-Marie Ampère, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Thomas Moore, Friedrich Fröbel, Simón Bolívar, Joseph von Fraunhofer, Louis Daguerre, Arthur Schopenhauer, Christian Thomsen, Georg Ohm and Jean-François Champollion celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1791 was a common year starting on a Saturday, just like 1695, 1701, 1707, 1718, 1729, 1735, 1746, 1757, 1763, 1774 and 1785 in the century before it and 1803, 1814, 1825, 1831, 1842, 1853, 1859, 1870, 1881 and 1887 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1791 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 19 June 2013.