< MDCCLXXXIII = 1783 >
Events in 1783
|12 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 11 days.|
|2 February:|| ||This Chinese New Year the Tiger makes way for the Year of the Rabbit.|
|3 February:|| ||Spain recognizes the independence of the United States.|
|18 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|20 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|4 June:|| ||French aviation pioneering brothers Joseph and Étienne Montgolfier offer the first public demonstration of their hot air balloon in their home town Annonay with a 10 minute flight covering 2 km and reaching an estimated altitude of 1800 m.|
|8 June:|| ||The Laki volcano in Iceland begins an eruption which lasts for eight months, causing widespread famine.|
|8 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|20 July:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1197 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|24 July:|| ||Simón Bolívar, Venezuelan independence leader, is born in Caracas.|
|19 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|27 Augustus:|| ||Jacques Charles and the Robert brothers demonstrate Le Globe to a large and excited crowd (among them Benjamin Franklin) in Paris, the first hydrogen balloon, which after launch from the Champ-de-Mars flies 21 km northwards in 45 minutes.|
|3 September:|| ||The Treaty of Paris ends the American Revolutionary War with Britain's recognition of the former colony's independence.|
|18 September:|| ||Leonhard Euler, Swiss mathematician, dies in St. Petersburg in Russia at age 76.|
|19 September:|| ||Before a crowd including the royal couple Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette on the palace grounds in Versailles the Montgolfier brothers launch a sheep, a duck and a rooster in a hot air balloon, climbing to about 450 m and landing safely 4½ km away eight minutes later, thus proving that the sky is the limit, also for low flying birds and non-birds.|
|6 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|15 October:|| ||Étienne Montgolfier is the first human to lift off the ground in a tethered hot air balloon at the Réveillon workshop in the Faubourg Saint-Antoine, perhaps a few days earlier, to no more than 24 m, the length of the tether.|
|26 October:|| ||The Great Mass in C minor by Mozart premieres, albeit incomplete, in the Church of St. Peter's Abbey in Salzburg, his wife singing the soprano solos.|
|26 October:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|21 November:|| ||In the presence of king Louis XVI French army officer François Laurent d'Arlandes and physics teacher Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier take off from the grounds of the Château de la Muette for the first manned balloon flight, travelling 9 km while floating 900 m high above Paris for 25 minutes in a montgolfière.|
|1 December:|| ||At 13:45 hours science professor Jacques Charles and co-pilot Nicolas-Louis Robert lift off to the first manned flight in a hydrogen balloon from the Jardin des Tuileries in Paris, amid vast crowds and excitement, climbing to 550 metres and landing 36 km away 2 hours and 5 minutes later.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1783
Benjamin Franklin, Carlo Goldoni, Ruđer Bošković, Denis Diderot, Adam Smith, John Smeaton, Immanuel Kant, Catherine the Great, Josiah Wedgwood, Charles Messier, George Washington, Joseph Haydn, James Watt, Rama I, Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Edward Gibbon, John Hancock, William Herschel, Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, Thomas Jefferson, Antoine Lavoisier, Eise Eisinga, Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, Johann Christian Fabricius, Alessandro Volta, Jacques Charles, Giuseppe Piazzi, Francisco Goya, Jacques-Louis David, Edward Jenner, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, James Madison, Jean-Pierre Blanchard, Louis XVI, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, Marie Antoinette, Ernst Chladni, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Gilbert du Motier, William Blake, Maximilien Robespierre, Horatio Nelson, Friedrich Schiller, Robert Burns, Luigi Cherubini, Marie Tussaud, Joseph Niépce, Robert Fulton, Francis II, Muhammad Ali, Napoleon Bonaparte, André-Jacques Garnerin, Ludwig van Beethoven, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Richard Trevithick, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Clemens von Metternich, Francis Beaufort, André-Marie Ampère, Carl Friedrich Gauss, Thomas Moore and Friedrich Fröbel celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1783 was a common year starting on a Wednesday, just like 1687, 1698, 1710, 1721, 1727, 1738, 1749, 1755, 1766 and 1777 in the century before it and 1794, 1800, 1806, 1817, 1823, 1834, 1845, 1851, 1862, 1873 and 1879 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1783 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 25 May 2017.