< MDCCLXXV = 1775 >
Events in 1775
|12 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 11 days.|
|20 January:|| ||André-Marie Ampère, French physicist, is born in Lyon.|
|31 January:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Horse makes way for the Year of the Ram.|
|31 January:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|11 April:|| ||The last person convicted of witchcraft is executed in Germany.|
|15 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|16 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|19 April:|| ||The Battles of Lexington and Concord are the first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War.|
|4 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|12 June:|| ||American captain Jeremiah O'Brien, commanding the sloop “Unity”, captures HMS “Margaretta” in the Battle of Machias, the first naval battle of the American Revolutionary War.|
|14 June:|| ||The U.S. Army is founded.|
|26 July:|| ||The United States Post Office is established by the Second Continental Congress with Benjamin Franklin as its first Postmaster General.|
|4 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|15 October:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1189 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|14 November:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1775
Voltaire, Daniel Bernoulli, Benjamin Franklin, Leonhard Euler, Carolus Linnaeus, Carlo Goldoni, Ruđer Bošković, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Denis Diderot, Thomas Chippendale, Adam Smith, John Smeaton, Immanuel Kant, James Cook, Catherine the Great, Josiah Wedgwood, Charles Messier, George Washington, Joseph Haydn, Taksin, James Watt, Rama I, Joseph-Louis Lagrange, Edward Gibbon, John Hancock, William Herschel, Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, Thomas Jefferson, Antoine Lavoisier, Eise Eisinga, Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier, Johann Christian Fabricius, Alessandro Volta, Jacques Charles, Giuseppe Piazzi, Francisco Goya, Jacques-Louis David, Edward Jenner, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, James Madison, Jean-Pierre Blanchard, Louis XVI, Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier, Marie Antoinette, Ernst Chladni, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Gilbert du Motier, William Blake, Maximilien Robespierre, Horatio Nelson, Friedrich Schiller, Robert Burns, Luigi Cherubini, Marie Tussaud, Joseph Niépce, Robert Fulton, Francis II, Muhammad Ali, Napoleon Bonaparte, André-Jacques Garnerin, Ludwig van Beethoven, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, Richard Trevithick, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Clemens von Metternich and Francis Beaufort celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1775 was a common year starting on a Sunday, just like 1679, 1690, 1702, 1713, 1719, 1730, 1741, 1747, 1758 and 1769 in the century before it and 1786, 1797, 1809, 1815, 1826, 1837, 1843, 1854, 1865 and 1871 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1775 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 22 January 2018.