< MDCXCVII = 1697 >
Events in 1697
|11 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 10 days.|
|23 January:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|10 March:|| ||Beginning a grand tour of Europe, Russian tsar Peter the Great leaves Moscow with 350 ambassadors, arriving at their first stop in Riga, a Swedish territory since 1629, fourteen days later.|
|13 March:|| ||Tayasal, the last Maya stronghold on a small island in Lake Petén Itzá in modern day Guatemala, is conquered by the Spanish.|
|14 March:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1108 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|31 March:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|6 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|13 April:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|19 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|20 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|8 Augustus:|| ||Russian tsar Peter the Great on his European tour arrives in Zaandam near Amsterdam to pursue an education as shipbuilder.|
|25 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1697
Giandomenico Cassini, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, John Locke, Robert Hooke, Jan van der Heyden, Louis XIV, André Charles Boulle, Isaac Newton, Gottfried Leibniz, Grinling Gibbons, William III, Edmond Halley, Jacob Roggeveen, Jonathan Swift, Herman Boerhaave, Peter the Great, Antonio Vivaldi, Vitus Bering, Johann Sebastian Bach, Georg Friedrich Händel, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Hans Egede, Charles-Louis de Secondat and Voltaire celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1697 was a common year starting on a Tuesday, just like 1602, 1613, 1619, 1630, 1641, 1647, 1658, 1669, 1675 and 1686 in the century before it and 1709, 1715, 1726, 1737, 1743, 1754, 1765, 1771, 1782 and 1793 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2018 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1697 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 23 March 2018.