< MDCXCI = 1691 >
Events in 1691
|11 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 10 days.|
|29 January:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Horse makes way for the Year of the Ram.|
|8 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|13 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|19 May:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1102 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|27 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|18 June:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|25 Augustus:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|3 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
|31 December:|| ||Robert Boyle, Irish philosopher and inventor, considered one of the founders of modern chemistry, dies in London at age 64.|
People in 1691
Matsuo Bashō, Jean de La Fontaine, Giandomenico Cassini, Christiaan Huygens, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, John Locke, Robert Hooke, Jan van der Heyden, Louis XIV, Mehmed IV, André Charles Boulle, Isaac Newton, Gottfried Leibniz, Grinling Gibbons, William III, Edmond Halley, Jacob Roggeveen, Jonathan Swift, Herman Boerhaave, Peter the Great, Antonio Vivaldi, Vitus Bering, Johann Sebastian Bach, Georg Friedrich Händel, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit, Hans Egede and Charles-Louis de Secondat celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1691 was a common year starting on a Monday, just like 1601, 1607, 1618, 1629, 1635, 1646, 1657, 1663, 1674 and 1685 in the century before it and 1703, 1714, 1725, 1731, 1742, 1753, 1759, 1770, 1781 and 1787 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1691 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 20 June 2013.