< MDCLXI = 1661 >
Events in 1661
|11 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 10 days.|
|20 January:|| ||Lviv University, the oldest existing university in Ukraine, is founded by king John II Casimir of Poland when he grants the city's Jesuit Collegium, founded in 1608, the title of the university.|
|30 January:|| ||The body of Oliver Cromwell is dug up and posthumely executed four years after his death.|
|30 January:|| ||In this Chinese New Year the Rat makes way for the Year of the Ox.|
|10 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|15 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|20 April:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1071 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|30 April:|| ||Ming Chinese general Zheng Cheng-gong lais siege to Fort Zeelandia on the island of Formosa, forcing the Dutch to surrender in February 1662.|
|20 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|29 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|27 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|3 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|12 November:|| ||Robert Hooke is appointed to the new post of Curator by Office for life at the Royal Society to carry out experiments.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1661
Frans Hals, Johannes Vermeer, Jan Steen, Joost van den Vondel, Shah Jahan, Nicolas Poussin, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Pierre de Fermat, Rembrandt van Rijn, John Wilkins, Charles Le Brun, Jean de La Fontaine, Andrew Marvell, Molière, Blaise Pascal, Giandomenico Cassini, Robert Boyle, Christiaan Huygens, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, Baruch Spinoza, John Locke, Robert Hooke, Jan van der Heyden, Louis XIV, Mehmed IV, André Charles Boulle, Isaac Newton, Gottfried Leibniz, Grinling Gibbons, William III, Edmond Halley and Jacob Roggeveen celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1661 was a common year starting on a Saturday, just like 1569, 1575, 1583, 1594, 1605, 1611, 1622, 1633, 1639 and 1650 in the century before it and 1667, 1678, 1689, 1695, 1701, 1707, 1718, 1729, 1735, 1746 and 1757 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2017 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1661 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 April 2017.