< MDCXLII = 1642 >
Events in 1642
|2 January:|| ||Mehmed IV, sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1648 to 1687, is born at the Topkapı Palace in Constantinople.|
|8 January:|| ||Galileo Galilei, Italian physicist and astronomer, dies in his home in Arcetri at age 77.|
|11 January:|| ||The Julian calendar including its New Year's Day is delayed by 10 days.|
|2 March:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|6 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday following the first full moon following the spring equinox as fixed by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|14 April:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|25 May:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|4 October:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
|23 October:|| ||The first pitched battle of the English Civil War takes place when the Royalists move off an escarpment to a more vulnerable position to fight the Parliamentarians at the Battle of Edgehill, which proves inconclusive.|
|11 November:|| ||André Charles Boulle, French cabinetmaker, master of marquetry, is born in Paris.|
|13 November:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 1052 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|24 November:|| ||Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sights land he calls Van Diemen's Land, which in 1856 is changed to Tasmania.|
|13 December:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|18 December:|| ||Dutch merchant and explorer Abel Tasman is the first European to land in New Zealand.|
|24 December:|| ||Christmas Eve starts off the holidays celebrating the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.|
People in 1642
Claudio Monteverdi, Charles I, Abel Tasman, Jacob Cats, James Ussher, Hugo Grotius, Joost van den Vondel, Shah Jahan, Nicolas Poussin, Jacob van Campen, Jan van Goyen, René Descartes, François Duquesnoy, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Diego Velázquez, Oliver Cromwell, Pierre de Fermat, Rembrandt van Rijn, John Wilkins, Charles Le Brun, Jean de La Fontaine, Andrew Marvell, Molière, Blaise Pascal, Giandomenico Cassini, Paulus Potter, Robert Boyle, Christiaan Huygens, Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, Baruch Spinoza, John Locke, Robert Hooke, Jan van der Heyden and Louis XIV celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1642 was a common year starting on a Wednesday, just like 1550, 1561, 1567, 1578, 1586, 1597, 1603, 1614, 1625 and 1631 in the century before it and 1653, 1659, 1670, 1681, 1687, 1698, 1710, 1721, 1727 and 1738 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1642 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 May 2013.