< MDLXV = 1565 >
Events in 1565
|26 January:|| ||Fighting a coalition of five Muslim Deccan sultanates, the Vijayanagara empire, the last great Hindu monarchy in southern India, falls at the Battle of Talikota.|
|13 February:|| ||Conquistador Miguel López de Legazpi lands on the shores of Cebu Island, beginning the Spanish colonization of the Philippine archipelago.|
|1 March:|| ||Portuguese settlers found the city of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil.|
|27 March:|| ||Jews celebrate Pesach for the next seven or eight days.|
|2 April:|| ||The thirty days of Ramadan in the Islamic year 972 begin at the first sighting of the lunar crescent.|
|22 April:|| ||The resurrection of Jesus Christ is celebrated Easter Sunday after the first full moon after the spring equinox as described by the Council of Nicaea in 325.|
|2 May:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Conclusion of the Fast on the first day of the month Shawwal.|
|18 May:|| ||An Ottoman fleet invades the island of Malta held by the Knights Hospitaller of the Sovereign Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, setting the stage for a exceptionally bloody siege in the climax of an escalating contest between a Christian alliance and the Ottoman Empire for control of the Mediterranean.|
|10 June:|| ||Seven weeks after Easter Christians celebrate Pentecost, possibly since 68 AD.|
|9 July:|| ||Muslims celebrate the Festival of Sacrifice on the tenth day of the month Dhu al-Hijjah.|
|11 September:|| ||After four months the Knights Hospitaller break the Ottoman Siege of Malta.|
|15 September:|| ||Jews celebrate Yom Kippur since sunset last night.|
People in 1565
Pieter Bruegel the Elder, Túpac Amaru, Titian, Nostradamus, Alva, Andrea Palladio, Giorgio Vasari, Gerardus Mercator, Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, Tintoretto, Gaspard de Coligny, Takeda Shingen, Elizabeth I, William of Orange, Joseph Scaliger, Akbar the Great, Tycho Brahe, Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, Miguel de Cervantes, Walter Raleigh, Francis Bacon, Christopher Marlowe, William Shakespeare and Galileo Galilei celebrated their birthday this year.
The year 1565 was a common year starting on a Monday, just like 1470, 1481, 1487, 1498, 1509, 1515, 1526, 1537, 1543 and 1554 in the century before it and 1571, 1582, 1590, 1601, 1607, 1618, 1629, 1635, 1646, 1657 and 1663 in the next.
The coloured days highlight
other historical milestones, and recurring events such as anniversaries and
icons indicate the phases of the moon and appear only for dates in the Gregorian calendar, i.e. after 14 October 1582. The Chinese calendar is available only from 1645 to 2644, the first millenium since the last reform. The coloured columns mark the Sundays, the last day of the week per standard ISO-8601.
The normal calendar page for the current /year?2013 contains an introduction to the intriguing history of the year as we know it. The Calendar Converter has more detail. The so called Perpetual Calendar uses a trick from before the age of computers to find the weekday for any Gregorian date. Also see an overview of all historical events in the last six thousand years.
URL: < http://4umi.com/year?1565 >, created 23 January 2011, changed 13 September 2012, served 24 May 2013.