Wednesday 21 February 2018, 13:25:41
21 February 1431
: The trial against Joan of Arc, accused of witchcraft, begins.
21 February 1437
: James I, king of Scotland since 1406, is killed by followers of Walter Stewart after hiding in a sewer tunnel of the Blackfriars monastery at the Church of the Friars Preachers of Blessed Virgin and Saint Dominic on the outskirts of Perth.
21 February 1440
: The Prussian Confederation is formed.
21 February 1613
: Mikhail I is unanimously elected by a national assembly as Tsar of Russia, beginning the Romanov dynasty.
21 February 1677
: Baruch Spinoza, Dutch philosopher, dies in The Hague at age 44.
21 February 1744
: Eise Eisinga, Dutch wool carder and amateur astronomer, is born in Dronrijp.
21 February 1765
: 8-year-old prodigy performer Mozart's Symphony No. 1 is first performed in London during the Mozart family's tour of Europe, presented as an “Ouvertüre”.
21 February 1804
: The first steam engine tramway locomotive, built by British engineer Richard Trevithick, travels 9 miles in 4 hours from the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks in the Welsh town of Merthyr Tydfil to the bottom of the Abercynnon valley, pulling five wagons with seventy passengers and a cargo of iron weighing ten tons.
21 February 1848
: The “Communist Manifesto” by Marxist theorists Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels is published in London.
21 February 1878
: The first telephone book is published in New Haven, Connecticut.
21 February 1916
: The Battle of Verdun in France begins, lasting until 18 December.
21 February 1926
: Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist, 1913 Nobel Prize winner for his 1911 discovery of superconductivity, dies in Leiden at age 72.
21 February 1948
: John C. Trever of the American Schools of Oriental Research makes the first photographs of the Dead Sea Scrolls found the previous year.
21 February 1958
: Syria and Egypt merge to form the shortlived United Arab Republic under president Nasser.
21 February 1965
: Malcolm X, Former Black Muslim leader, is shot and killed by Black Muslim assassins in New York at age 39.
21 February 1972
: American president Richard Nixon meets Communist Party chairman Mao Zedong in Beijing at the start of a week long visit to China.
21 February 2011
: Almost a hundred people die in Christchurch as New Zealand is hit by the deadliest earthquake since 1931|nat.