Monday 16 July 2018, 17:33:47
16 July 622
: Starting on 15 July after sunset, 1 Muharram 1 Anno Hegiræ
is the beginning of the Islamic calendar, the day of Muhammad's flight from Mecca to Medina.
16 July 1216
: Innocent III, born Lotario de' Conti di Segni, pope since 1198, dies in Perugia at 54 or 55.
16 July 1658
: The Dutch colony of about a hundred settlers on Mauritius is given up due to cyclones, droughts, illnesses, lack of food and other hardships.
16 July 1672
: Prince William III is appointed stadtholder of Zeeland.
16 July 1746
: Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian priest and astronomer, is born in Ponte in Valtellina.
16 July 1896
: Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician, first Secretary-General of the United Nations, is born in Oslo.
16 July 1907
: The New York Times reports on the Archimedes Palimpsest as a “Big Literary Find in Constantinople” by Danish philologist Johan Ludvig Heiberg.
16 July 1945
: In the first fission device test ever, the bomb Trinity is detonated in the American New Mexico desert, marking the beginning of the Atomic Age.
16 July 1969
: At 13:32 UTC (09:32 local time) a Saturn V-rocket takes off at Kennedy Space Center to bring astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins to the moon.
16 July 1989
: Herbert von Karajan, Austrian conductor, dies in Anif south of Salzburg at age 81.
16 July 1995
: Online retailer Amazon.com is founded by Jeff Bezos in his garage in Seattle.
16 July 1999
: Stanley Kubrick's final movie “Eyes Wide Shut”, starring Tom Cruise and Nicole Kidman, is released.