Thursday 19 October 2017, 15:12:00
19 October 202 BC
: The Battle of Zama ends of the Second Punic War when a Roman army led by Scipio Africanus defeats a Carthaginian force led by Hannibal.
19 October 439
: The Vandals, led by King Gaiseric, take Carthage.
19 October 1386
: The first lecture is held at the University of Heidelberg, making it the oldest university in Germany.
19 October 1453
: Bordeaux is recaptured by the French, leading to the end the Hundred Years' War with the English retaining only Calais.
19 October 1469
: The marriage of queen Isabella I of Castile and king Ferdinand II of Aragon lais the foundation for modern Spain.
19 October 1862
: Auguste Lumière, French movie pioneer, is born in Besançon.
19 October 1935
: The Long March by the Chinese Red Army arrives in Shaanxi.
19 October 1937
: Ernest Rutherford, British physicist, Nobel Prize winner in 1908 for fathering nuclear physics, dies in Cambridge at age 66.
19 October 1944
: The Japanese army adopts a new tactic of kamikaze
or “divine wind”, suicide attacks by military planes.
19 October 1958
: The medieval church of St Clement Danes in London, hit by German bombs in 1941, is reconsecrated.
War is the supreme drama of a completely mechanized society.