Monday 25 July 2016, 10:58:18
25 July 1139
: Prince Afonso Henriques of the House of Burgundy defeats the Almoravid Moors led by Ali ibn Yusuf at the Battle of Ourique, being crowned the first king of Portugal by his army the next day.
25 July 1603
: Uniting the two thrones on the island for the first time, James VI of Scotland is crowned James I of England following the death of his mother's cousin Elizabeth, the virgin queen who had died in March without heir.
25 July 1609
: The flagship of the Virginia Company “Sea Venture”, on her maiden voyage from Plymouth to Jamestown, is wrecked in a storm on a reef at Bermuda, possibly inspiring Shakespeare to write “The Tempest”, certainly prompting the founding of St. George's, the oldest continuously inhabited English town in the New World.
25 July 1837
: Sir William Fothergill Cooke and Charles Wheatstone demonstrate the electrical telegraph between Euston and Camden Town in London.
25 July 1850
: Spain recognizes the independence of Guatemala.
25 July 1909
: French aviation pioneer Blériot flies the first motorpowered airplane across the Channel, breaking his landing gear in the rainy English weather but winning a prize offered by the London Daily Mail.
25 July 1917
: The Nippon Kōgaku Kōgyō Kabushikigaisha or Japan Optical Industries Company is founded in Tokyo, renamed Nikon in 1988.
25 July 1943
: Mussolini is deposed.
25 July 1952
: The island of Puerto Rico, governed by the United States since the Spanish-American War of 1898, adopts its own constitution.
25 July 1961
, Dutch writer, dies in Hilversum at age 79.
25 July 1978
: Louise Brown, the first baby conceived by in vitro fertilization, is born at Oldham General Hospital in the United Kingdom.