Saturday 28 May 2016, 21:00:08
28 May 585 BC
: “When the Lydians and Medes saw the day turned to night, they ceased from fighting, and both were the more zealous to make peace”, writes Herodotus about a solar eclipse in Asia Minor which led to a truce in the war between the Lydians and the Medes.
28 May 900
: The victory of the Persian Samanid amir Ismail Samani over Amr Saffari at Balkh, once the centre of Zoroastrianism, brings Khorasan and Transoxiana under one ruler and marks the beginning of the dispersion of the local Shi'ites by the new Sunni power.
28 May 1588
: The Spanish Armada sets sail from Lisbon for the English Channel, requiring three days for the 130 ships to leave port.
28 May 1898
: Italian photographer Secondo Pia takes the first photographs of the Shroud of Turin, revealing the outline of a man's face.
28 May 1908
: Ian Fleming, British author and naval intelligence officer, is born in Mayfair, London.
28 May 1918
: The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, the first parliamentary republic with a predominantly Muslim population, is founded in the south of the collapsed Russian empire.
28 May 1926
: The unstable Portuguese First Republic is overthrown and replaced by the dictatorship of the Ditadura Nacional
in a coup led by Gomes da Costa.
28 May 1932
: The Zuiderzee, an inland sea in the Netherlands, becomes the IJsselmeer, freshwater Lake of the IJssel river, when two years earlier than planned the last tidal trench in the Afsluitdijk
or Enclosure Dam is closed.
28 May 1937
: The Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH
is founded by Austrian engineer Ferdinand Porsche.
28 May 1998
: Pakistan successfully tests its first atomic bomb, becoming the seventh nuclear country in the world.