Tuesday 28 June 2016, 04:41:19
28 June 1473
: Niclas Gerhaert van Leyden, Dutch-born sculptor who worked mostly in German areas, dies aged around 45 in Wiener Neustadt, according to unconfirmed evidence.
28 June 1491
: Henry VIII, king of England from 21 April 1509 until his death in 1547, is born at the Palace of Placentia in Greenwich.
28 June 1577
: Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish Baroque painter, is born in Siegen in Westphalia.
28 June 1712
: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, writer and philosopher of the Enlightenment, is born in Geneva.
28 June 1836
: James Madison, fourth president of the United States, dies in Montpelier, Virginia at age 85.
28 June 1846
: Belgian musical instrument builder Adolphe Sax patents the saxophone.
28 June 1914
: The assassination of Franz Ferdinand of Austria during a visit to Sarajevo marks the beginning of the First World War.
28 June 1919
: The Treaty of Versailles between Germany and the Allied powers concludes the First World War.
28 June 1922
: The Irish Civil War begins when a massive explosion destroys the Irish Public Record Office and with it the records of several centuries of government in Ireland.
28 June 1970
: The first Gay Pride marches take place in Los Angeles, Chicago and New York on the anniversary of the Stonewall riots in 1969.
28 June 1992
: Surgeons transplant a baboon liver into a human, which eventually grows three times its original size to equal an adult human liver.
28 June 1969
: During a police raid at the Stonewall Inn in New York, members of the homosexual community begin to fight back against a government-sponsored system discriminating sexual minorities, considered the start of the modern gay rights movement.