Thursday 23 October 2014, 21:33:48
23 October 4004 BC
: The world is created, according to a chronology calculated by 17th century Irish archbishop James Ussher .
23 October 42 BC
: Mark Antony and Octavian win the Second Battle of Philippi in the Roman Republican civil wars, leading Brutus to commit suicide.
23 October 787
: The Second Council of Nicaea closes with a formal revival the adoration of icons and reunion of the Eastern church with that of Rome.
23 October 1642
: The first pitched battle of the English Civil War takes place when the Royalists move off an escarpment to a more vulnerable position to fight the Parliamentarians at the Battle of Edgehill, which proves inconclusive.
23 October 1917
: Lenin calls for the October revolution.
23 October 1956
: The State Security Police in the Parliament building in Budapest fires upon students demonstrating outside, provoking the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.