Tuesday 2 September 2014, 07:40:48
2 September 31 BC
: The naval forces of Octavian Caesar defeat those of Mark Antony and Cleopatra VII at the Battle of Actium in the Ionian Sea off the western coast of Greece, deciding the Final War of the Roman Republic.
2 September 1606
: Karel van Mander, Flemish-born Dutch painter and art historian, dies in Amsterdam at age 58.
2 September 1192
: Richard the Lionheart on the Third Crusade signs a treaty with Saladin, leaving Jerusalem under Muslim control, but also allowing unarmed Christian pilgrims to visit the city.
2 September 1666
: A fire in a bakery in Pudding Lane spreads and grows into the Great Fire of London, burning for three days.
2 September 1937
: Pierre de Coubertin, French pedagogue and historian who revived the ancient Greek Olympic Games tradition, dies in Geneva, Switzerland at age 74.
2 September 1945
: Ho Chi Minh declares the Democratic Republic of Vietnam before a crowd of 500000 in Hanoi, ending the country's dependence on France, which was never invited to colonize it in the 1850's.
2 September 1953
: Ahmad Shah Massoud, Afghan military leader, is born in Bazarak in the Panjshir Valley.
2 September 1973
: J.R.R. Tolkien, English writer and language professor, dies in Bournemouth at age 81.
Our deepest fear
we are powerful beyond measure. It is our light, not our darkness that most
frightens us. ~ Marianne Williamson, American author