Wednesday 22 October 2014, 23:17:29
22 October 741
: Charles Martel, Frankish military and political leader under the Merovingian kings, Duke and Prince of the Franks since 737, father of Pepin the Short and grandfather of Charlemagne, founder and namesake of the Carolingian empire, dies at age 52 or 53 in Quierzy in northern France.
22 October 1494
: Ludovico Sforza becomes duke of Milan, starting a chain of events that sets off the First Italian War.
22 October 1797
: At the Parc Monceau in Paris, Frenchman André-Jacques Garnerin jumps from a hot air balloon in the first successful parachute fall.
22 October 1451
: Christopher Columbus, Italian explorer credited with discovering the New World of America, is born in Genoa between the 22nd and 31th.
22 October 1811
: Franz Liszt, Hungarian composer, is born in the small market town of Doborján, today Raiding in Austria.
22 October 1884
: At the International Meridian Conference organized in Washington by American president Chester Arthur, delegates of twentyfive nations choose “the meridian passing through the centre of the transit instrument at the Observatory of Greenwich as the initial meridian for longitude”.
22 October 1906
: Paul Cézanne
, French painter, dies in Aix-en-Provence at age 67.