Thursday 2 July 2015, 13:29:01
2 July 1505
: Martin Luther, returning to his university in Erfurt from a visit to his parents in Mansfeld, travelling on horseback and caught in a thunderstorm, is terrified to death when a lightning bolt strikes at close range; he vows to drop out of law school and become a monk.
2 July 1566
, French seer, dies in Salon-de-Provence at age 62.
2 July 1633
: Trijntje Keever, Dutch girl alleged to have been the tallest female person in history, dies at age 17, measuring 2.54 meters.
2 July 1777
: Vermont is the first American territory to abolish slavery.
2 July 1778
: Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French Enlightenment philosopher, dies in Ermenonville at age 66.
2 July 1796
: Michael Thonet, German cabinet-maker, is born in Boppard am Rhein.
2 July 1881
: Recently elected American president Garfield is shot twice in the back by disgruntled campaigner Charles Guiteau, dying 80 days later of his infected wounds.
2 July 1900
: The first rigid airship, Zeppelin LZ1, makes its first flight 400 metres above the Bodensee in southern Germany.
2 July 1977
: Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-American author, dies in Montreux in Switzerland at age 78.
2 July 1985
: Giotto, the first ESA deep space mission, is launched to fly by Comet Halley.