Saturday 20 September 2014, 08:55:27
20 September 1187
: Kurdish Muslim leader Saladin sets up his Siege of Jerusalem, capturing the city on 2 October and so provoking the Third Crusade.
20 September 1378
: Robert of Geneva is elected as pope Clement VII in Anagni by the same cardinals who had elected pope Urban VI in Rome five months before, beginning the Papal Schism.
20 September 1459
: The Romanian capital of Bucharest is first mentioned as one of the residences of prince Vlad III Dracula at the “the Citadel of București”.
20 September 1519
: Five ships commanded by Ferdinand Magellan set sail from Sanlúcar de Barrameda in southern Spain to search for a route to the Spice Islands in the East Indies, losing four ships in wars, mutiny and fire, but completing the first circumnavigation of the globe when the remaining ship, without Ferdinand Magellan, arrives back in Spain three year later.
20 September 1596
: The city of Monterrey
is founded in Mexico by Spanish explorer Diego de Montemayor.
20 September 1870
: A cannonade of three hours by the Italian army breaches the Aurelian Walls of Rome at Porta Pia, killing 49 Italian soldiers and 19 Papal Zouaves and forcing pope Pius IX to surrender, ending the process of unification known as the Risorgimento
of the Italian peninsula.
It is, in fact
, nothing short of a miracle that
the modern methods of instruction have
not entirely strangled the holy
curiosity of inquiry. ~ Albert Einstein