Tuesday 20 March 2018, 21:40:49
20 March 43 BC
, Roman poet, is born Publius Ovidius Naso in Sulmo.
20 March 1239
: Pope Gregory IX excommunicates Holy Roman emperor Frederick II for the third time.
20 March 1413
: Henry IV, king of England since 1399, suffering an unknown illness since 1405, dies at the house of the abbot of Westminster in the Jerusalem chamber, fulfilling the prophecy that he would die in Jerusalem, which he had believed meant he was safe so long as he did not go on a crusade.
20 March 1602
: The Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie VOC or Dutch East India Company is established with a monopoly on colonial activities in Asia.
20 March 1736
: Rama I, king of Siam from 1782 until his death, is born Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke in Ayutthaya.
20 March 1739
: Having invaded the weakened Mughul Empire of India in 1738, Persian ruler Nader Shah sacks Delhi and confiscates the royal treasury, allegedly exclaiming “Koh-i-Noor! Mountain of Light!” at the sight of a large diamond.
20 March 1800
: Italian physicist Volta writes to the London Royal Society to describe his recently constructed “voltaic pile” producing a steady electric current, i.e. the first battery.
20 March 1815
: Napoleon arrives back in Paris to begin his Hundred Days campaign.
20 March 1828
: Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian playwright, is born in the small port town of Skien.
20 March 1852
: The anti-slavery novel “Uncle Tom's Cabin” by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe is published.
20 March 1895
: Ludwig Schläfli, Swiss mathematician who developed the idea of multidimensionality, dies in Bern at age 81.
20 March 1981
: British rock band Queen plays for a record 200000 fans strong audience in São Paulo at the second concert of their first Latin American tour.
20 March 1990
: Namibia becomes an sovereign nation as South Africa agrees to an independence plan.